Bezdan - Official webpage

Last update:
27. nov. 2014.




About Bezdan





About Bezdan – Geographic location

Bezdan (hung. Bezdán) is a settlement in Vojvodina, in the West-Bachka district, in the township Sombor (Map). Its popular name is “water settlement”, because it is surrounded by water, and the only way to get to Bezdan is by crossing one of the bridges around it (Map).

Bezdan is one of the bigger places in the north-west Bachka. It is located 6 km away from the croatian, 10 km from the hungarian border and 18 km away from Sombor. It is on the left bank of the Danube (Galerie ), in the middle of plain, height above sea level is 90m.
The afforested surfaces are especially emphasized, (more than 10% of the terirtory), that isn’t characteristic of Vojvodinian settlements. Bezdan with its surrounding is a perfect place for those people, who love nature, fishing and hunting.The water and the air are still clean, because there are no industrial polluters in the surrounding.

Basic data:

Coordinates: 45° 51' 10" SGŠ, 18° 55' 50" IGD
State: Republic of Serbia (SRB)
Province: Vojvodina
District: West-Bachka
Township: Sombor (SO)
Zip code: 25270
Telephone area code: 025


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Demographic data

Till 1918 Bezdan belonged to Hungary, from 1918 to the Kingdom of SCS, from 1929 to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, from 1941 to Hungary and from 1944 to Yugoslavia again (FNRY, SFRY, FRY).
After the separation of Montenegro from the State community of Serbia and Montenegro, Bezdan still belongs to the Republic of Serbia.
After the migrations during the centuries, Bezdan has stayed ethnical diversified, but the majority are Hungarians. There are 5263 inhabitants according to the census from 2002, and 2983 of them are Hungarians (56,68%).
There are 4293 adults, and the average age is 42,2 years (40,2 for men and 44,1 for women). There are 1990 households in the settlement, and there are 2,64 households members on the average.

The population isn’t very homogeneous, and during the last three census there is a decrease in the population number.

Year

Population

1948.6691
1953.6681
1961.6813
1971.6427
1981.6085
1991.5472 (5270 - according to the census in SFRY)
2002.5263 (5507 - according to the census in Serbia)


The ethnic structure according to the census from 2002:
Hungarian2983 56,67%
Serb125623,86%
Croatian4248,05%
Yugoslavian141 2,67%
Gypsy50 0,95%
Montenegrian25 0,47%
German20 0,38%
Muslim15 0,28%
Bunjevci 11 0,20%
Rumanian9 0,17%
Slovakian5 0,09%
Bugarian4 0,07%
Slovenian 3 0,05%
Russsian3 0,05%
Bosnian 2 0,03%
Macedonian 1 0,01%
unknown13 0,24%


Population on the basis of sex and age:

Yearmale female
?4 7
80+ 54 116
75-79 54 130
70-74 139 142
65-69 160 216
60-64 146 185
55-59 143 197
50-54 209 199
45-49 206 189
40-44 208 171
35-39 173 184
30-34 143 151
25-29 155 148
20-24 185 148
15-19 179 148
10-14 154 138
5-9 115 141
0-4 122 104
average: 40,2 44,1


Household numbers according to the census from 1948 - 2002:

Year of the census 1948. 1953. 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2002.
Household number2100 2202 2480 2379 2283 2118 1990

Households on the basis of the member number according to the census 2002:

Number of the member 1 234 567 8 910 and more Aver.memb.numb.
Household number 489 561 400 353 118 44 17 6 1 1 2,64


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History

Bezdan is one of the biggest settlements in the northwest Backa, at the left banks of the Danube, in the meeting- angle of Serbia-Hungary-Croatia; it is situated at the crossroads of the national road from Sombor to Bezdan and Croatia, in the direction of Backi Breg and continues to Hungary. The bridge over the Danube, built in 1974 connects mankind - and relieves the movement of goods.
The ongoing migration movement over a period of several centuries has created a colourful ethnical variety. According to the census of 2002, Bezdan counts 5.263 inhabitants, the majority (2.983) is of hungarian nationality (56,68 %). The turbulent history of the region is also reflected its changing rulers:
- before and after the Turk-wars, until 1918 is the one part that Austrian-Hungarian monarchy also named Danube-monarchy, after the First World War through the Treaty of Versailles 1918, kingdom of the Serbs, Croatians and Slovenes; from January 1929 renamed to the kingdom Yugoslavia; in the World War II. from 1941 from Hungary recaptures, from 1944 Yugoslavia up to the disintegration of the multi-ethnic state, after it confederacy of Serbia and Montenegro, today Republic Serbia.
Read more (Short history)...


B.Z.M.
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